Ravi Gadepalli- Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, New Delhi, India
Anusha Vaid – Innovative Transport Solutions (iTrans) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India
The paper presents ways to harness the potential of a commercial district by developing transport policy and planning interventions which would improve the urban quality of the area and its surroundings. Parking is a key driver towards this objective. Introducing parking-pricing as a countermeasure to discourage private vehicle usage and induce mode shift to public transport is presented taking Nehru Place, an important commercial district in New Delhi, as a case study. Nehru Place, spread across 380,000 square metres, is well connected to the rest of the city. It attracts approximately 130,000 visitors daily, accessing the area through the two connecting arterial roads, twenty four city bus routes and two metro stations.
Within Nehru Place, the mobility provisions are skewed towards users of private transport, primarily cars and two-wheelers. Low-cost parking is available closer to buildings, while public transport stops are located at the periphery. In addition, certain non-motorised modes are restricted to enter the area. As a result, the usage of cars and two-wheelers to Nehru Place wheelers has been increasing over the years. The parking demand currently exceeds the planned capacity, resulting in parking spill over to roads, encroaching pedestrian spaces. The area also has a few upcoming establishments which are likely to worsen the situation further. Therefore strong counter measures are necessary to improve the urban quality (efficiency in space-use and accessibility) of the area and to discourage car and two-wheeler usage.
Data collection methods to capture the mobility patterns to the area are non-existent. The survey methodology and the sampling methods needed to estimate the parking demand patterns, user characteristics and their willingness to shift to public transport based on various countermeasures are presented. A disaggregate analysis of the current parking demand has been carried out to identify various trip-purposes such as office, retail etc. and their corresponding parking durations. A pricing strategy is devised to reflect the true value of land currently being used for parking and reduces the demand to 85% of the existing supply.
Three levels of countermeasures have been identified to reduce the parking demand, thereby creating space for other activities: The overall parking space to be provided in the area is estimated based on a desirable mode share of 80% trips made by public transport and non-motorised transport, the resultant parking demand is accommodated in a few multi-level car parks which are priced appropriately. In such a scenario, the parking demand, even including the upcoming establishments, is likely to come down by 50% and these trips shift to public transport. Also, an additional space of 18,000 sq. m. is reclaimed from parking, which can be used to create vibrant people friendly spaces within the commercial district.